Installing Rails + Apache + Passenger on Ubuntu 10.04 with Speedtrain

08 Aug

[Update 3/7/2011] Check the updated version of the speedtrain script for Ruby 1.9.2 and Rails 3 here: and This version doesn’t install Apache, Passenger yet.

I have written a new version of the Speedtrain script. This version now includes an option to install Rails with Apache and Phusion Passenger ready for production. By default the script will install Ruby, Rubygems, Rails, Sqlite and a Sample app. But by using the advanced option, the script will also install apache and phusion passenger with directions to deploy the Sample app on passenger.

Step 1. Download the script


Step 2. Make the script executable

chmod +x speedtrain

Step 3. Option 1
For a basic rails setup for development, which install Rails (Ruby,Rubygems) and Sqlite. simply run the script


Option 2. For a production type Rails setup, which install Rails (Ruby,Rubygems), Sqlite, Apache and Phusion Passenger run the script with a -p switch.

./speedtrain -p

After the installation the script will create a folder in your $HOME directory called rails_apps. This is the folder where you can create and store your rails apps. The folder is at $HOME/rails_apps. The script will also create a sample Rails app at $HOME/rails_apps/test_app. You can run the sample app by typing

cd $HOME/rails_apps/testapp
ruby script/server

Then open your browser and type http://localhost:3000/

If you used the option to install Apache and Passenger, you will be guided interactively through the Apache + Passenger installation. After the installation, follow the simple steps displayed on the screen to deploy Rails apps on passenger. Very easy steps:)

This script is ready to run on most Ubuntu 10.04 installations. Works great and easy on ubuntu as host OS on a machine. Using virtual box Apache gets some permission issues but should be easy to fix if one digs deeper. It works perfectly on Amazon EC2 Ubuntu 10.04 instances.

To install Rails with Passenger on an EC2 instance with this script you can use this Ubuntu AMI image# ami-2d4aa444 or choose one from here

Using these AMIs the username is literally “ubuntu” as in
ssh -i yourkeyname.pem I found this in the comments after some digging.

Have fun.

The source code for the new speedtrain script.

#:Title   :Speedtrain on Rails
#:Date    :
#:Author  :Obi Akubue
#:Version :0.1
#:Description: This script installs Ruby on Rails on Ubuntu 10.04 with the option to install Apache and Phusion Passenger. (It creates a test rails app)
#Usage Option 1: To Install Rails (Ruby + Rubygems) + sqlite. Simply run the script by typing ./speedtrain
#Usage Option 2: To Install Rails (Ruby + Rubygems) + Sqlite + Apache + Passenger. Run script by typing ./speedtrain -p
BLUE='\e[1;34m' #light blue
NC='\e[0m' # No Color
#begining  messages
 if [ "$1" = "-p" ]; then
    #option to install Apache + Passenger
        echo  -e "${GREEN} Welcome to Speedtrain on Rails"
        echo " Installing Rails (Ruby + Rubygems) + Apache + sqlite + passenger ..."
        echo " This will take a few minutes to complete.."
        echo -e "${WHITE} Press ENTER to continue or Ctrl-C to Quit"
        echo -e "${NC}"
        echo  -e "${GREEN} Welcome to Speedtrain on Rails"
        echo " Installing Rails..."
        echo " This will take a few minutes to complete.."
        echo -e "${WHITE} Press ENTER to continue or Ctrl-C to Quit"
        echo -e "${NC}"
 read key
echo -e "${RED} updating system..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
sudo aptitude update
echo -e "${RED} Installing build essential..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
sudo apt-get install build-essential
echo -e "${RED} installing ruby..."
echo -e "${GREEN}"
sudo apt-get install irb libopenssl-ruby libreadline-ruby rdoc ri ruby ruby-dev
echo -e "${RED} installing rubygems..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
cd /usr/local/src
sudo wget
sudo tar xzvf rubygems-1.3.6.tgz
cd rubygems-1.3.6
sudo ruby setup.rb
echo -e "${RED} updating rubygems..."
echo -e "${GREEN}"
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gem gem /usr/bin/gem1.8 1
sudo gem update --system
echo -e "${RED} installing rails..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
sudo gem install rails
echo -e "${RED} installing sqlite..."
echo -e "${GREEN}"
sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev sqlite3 sqlite3-doc
sudo gem install sqlite3-ruby
echo -e "${RED} creating dev directory..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
mkdir ~/rails_apps/
cd ~/rails_apps/
echo -e "${RED} creating dev test app..."
echo -e "${GREEN}"
rails testapp
if [ "$1" = "-p" ]; then
#if the passenger switch is set
echo -e "${RED} installing Apache..."
echo -e "${CYAN}"
sudo apt-get install apache2
echo -e "${RED} installing passenger..."
echo -e "${GREEN}"
sudo gem install passenger
#install apache development headers
#required by passenger
#Apache 2 development headers --
sudo apt-get install apache2-prefork-dev
#Apache portable Runime (APR) development headers --
sudo apt-get install libapr1-dev
#install passenger
sudo passenger-install-apache2-module
#ending message
if [ "$1" = "-p" ]; then
#if the passenger switch is set
echo -e "${YELLOW}"
printf "Your Apache Configuration file is /etc/apache2/httpd.conf\n"
echo -e "${NC}"
echo -e "${CYAN}"
echo "Rails has been successfully installed"
echo -e "${GREEN}"
echo "Your Apps directory is $HOME/rails_apps"
echo "We created a Test Rails App for you at $HOME/rails_apps/testapp/"
echo "To run the Test App type"
echo -e "${YELLOW} cd $HOME/rails_apps/testapp"
echo " ruby script/server"
echo -e "${NC}"
if [ "$1" = "-p" ]; then
#if the passenger switch is set
echo -e "${GREEN}"
echo "To deploy the Test Rails app on passenger "
echo "Edit the Apache Configuration file and add the following virtualhost"
echo -e "${YELLOW}\n"
echo ""
echo "  ServerName"
echo "  DocumentRoot $HOME/rails_apps/testapp/public"
echo " "
echo "     AllowOverride all"
echo "     Options -MultiViews"
echo " "
echo ""
echo -e "${NC}"
echo -e "${GREEN}"
echo "then Restart Apache: sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart"
echo "and Open on your browser: or"
echo -e "${NC}"

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